What is Periodontics?
Unlike a general dentist who performs procedures such as root canals and fillings, a periodontist focuses on treating specific diseases and conditions of the teeth and mouth. Periodontics is a dental specialty that involves the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases and oral inflammation. It includes the maintenance of the health, function and appearance of the surrounding and supporting tissues of the teeth and the placement of dental implants.
At A V Dental, one of the most common conditions we treat with periodontics is gum disease (gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis). Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that is caused by bacteria and plaque developing along the gum-line. If left untreated, it can damage the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth and cause loose teeth, extreme sensitivity and tooth loss. Gum disease also can increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes and other serious health problems.
Scaling And Root Planing
Scaling and root planing, commonly known as deep cleaning, is a periodontal procedure that is performed to treat gum disease. Your periodontist or hygienist will use scaling instruments, an ultrasonic scaler or a combination of both to remove tartar and plaque above and below the gum-line. Root planing smooths the root surfaces of your teeth to decrease inflammation of the gum tissue, prevent plaque from forming and help gums firmly reattach to teeth.
Gum grafting can halt gum recession and bone loss, reduce tooth sensitivity and protect roots from decay. This periodontal procedure involves taking healthy tissue from one area of the mouth and reattaching it to the area that needs to be repaired.
Crown lengthening is often performed to secure a dental crown when there is not enough tooth above the gum-line. It is also performed as a cosmetic procedure to improve a “gummy smile.”
Dental implants involve the surgical placement of titanium posts into the jawbone to replace missing teeth. If your periodontist determines that you do not enough bone to place an implant, he or she will first do a bone grafting procedure to build up the bone. After the post is firmly attached and healing is complete, your dentist will attach a crown that looks, feels and functions like a real tooth.
The experienced team at A V Dental is committed to helping you achieve optimal oral health through periodontics. To schedule an appointment or learn more about the services we offer, contact us.